Intonation. Having decided to whom to address (to all mankind, not only to your opponent!), It is necessary to find intonation. This is a very delicate matter. If there were universal rules in the world, everyone would be great writers. You can only advise to rewrite the diploma several times or write something else before you start working on the diploma, since writing is also a question of training; In any case, I can try to give you some of the most general recommendations. Do not play Proust. If the phrases are too long, write as they go, but then divide.
When and how to quote: ten rules Usually in a thesis there are many quotes: quotes from the subject of your diploma and quotes from critical literature on the subject. Consequently, citations come in two varieties: a) texts are cited and then interpreted; b) texts are cited in support of the stated judgment. It is difficult to say whether it is preferable to quote abundantly or sparingly. It depends on the nature of the diploma. A critical analysis of any author naturally assumes that large pieces of his works will be rewritten and then dismantled. In other cases, a quotation is a sign of negligence: 177 V. How to write a text is when a graduate student does not want or cannot summarize a certain amount of data and puts all the work on the shoulders of a diploma reader.
There is a very common theory, according to which the abundance of footnotes, not only in diplomas, but also in books, is a manifestation of chastity, snobbery and the desire to throw dust into the eyes. Yes, of course, individual writers abuse notes to give importance to their work, and overloadfootnotes with unnecessary information, sometimes shamelessly robbing other critical sources. But apart from such extremes, notes, used in moderation and taste, are necessary and useful. What it means “in moderation and taste” is not to say, it depends on the nature of the diploma. Let us show by examples. a) Notes indicate the source of the quote. If the sources fit inside the text, it will be difficult to read. Of course, there is a way to transfer this information without footnotes (see section V.4.3 about the author-date system).
In many sciences (and the farther, the more actively), the principle is applied, which allows one to do without bibliographic notes and use only conceptual notes (controversy, reference, etc.). With this principle, the textual bibliography is designed so that the name of the author and the date of the first publication of the book or article are highlighted. I give below a choice of several models of such design: Etas Kompass Libri), pp. 304 In this type of bibliography, you get the opportunity, if the text speaks about something, to do without a ticker and notes under the line, and write this: In marketing research on market brands, “the number of focus groups is determined based on the specific objectives of the survey” Corigliano, 1969: 73). But the same Corigliano indicates that “the territory of the selection of respondents is appointed arbitrarily” (1969: 71).
colleagues and I are often asked for help
in preparing for the IELTS test, and the most
difficult part of this exam for many is Writing Task 2
Often, candidates who have already completed any IELTS Preparation Course come to us to the course of preparation for the exam, or prepared independently, but did not pass the Writing on the necessary score, or felt that they were not fully ready to pass the exam. There are many reasons for this: from lack of critical thinking to stress on the exam.