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There is a very common theory, according to which the abundance of footnotes, not only in diplomas, but also in books, is a manifestation of chastity, snobbery and the desire to throw dust into the eyes. Yes, of course, individual writers abuse notes to give importance to their work, and overloadfootnotes with unnecessary information, sometimes shamelessly robbing other critical sources. But apart from such extremes, notes, used in moderation and taste, are necessary and useful. What it means “in moderation and taste” is not to say, it depends on the nature of the diploma. Let us show by examples. a) Notes indicate the source of the quote. If the sources fit inside the text, it will be difficult to read. Of course, there is a way to transfer this information without footnotes (see section V.4.3 about the author-date system).

However, footnotes are great for this. Note-reference to the bibliographylooks better in a word-by-line form than in the textual (that is, at the end of the chapter or at the end of the diploma), as it allows you to cover with a single look and what is said and spoken about. b) Notes refer to additional sources that reinforce your thought: “see there is also such work on this topic. In this case, it is also better to place them at the bottom of the page. c) Notes indicate parallel places in your own work and in other people’s works: for this, “cfr.” or “cf.” are put at the beginning of the note and refer to the corresponding overlapping passage. You can insert “cfr.” Or “Wed.” and directly into the main text (this principle is applied to the pages of the book that you are reading now). d) The notes confirm the thoughts expressed in the main text.

There are quotes additional arguments that you do not want to insert directly into the text, so as not to stray from the main reasoning 1. 1 “Any important messages that are not generally accepted must be supported by evidence of their authenticity. Evidence can be placed both in the text and infootnotes, and in both ways at once ”(Campbell and Ballou, op. Cit., P. 50). 191 V. How to write the text d) In the notes the thoughts of the text aredistributed 1. This is a very convenient way, it allows you to remove those periods that, while useful, make the perception heavier, since they either lead away from the main conversation or repeat what has already been said. Footnote the best place for such periods. e) The notes correct the ideas of the text. Suppose you are sure that you are right, but you know that some people may not agree with your conclusions. 

In this case, a footnote clarification,footnote polemic is good. In it, you will demonstrate not only scientific loyalty, but also the ability to look at yourself from the side 2. g) Notes are alsoneeded to translate the words that the text needed to give in a foreign language. Or, on the contrary, in a footnote it is useful to bring the term in theoriginal language. h) Notes serve to repay debts. To quote a book from where the thought was borrowed means to pay the bill. To indicate the authorfrom whom the idea or information was taken is to return the debt. Sometimes, however, interest is paid even on less indisputable bills: so, in the order of scientific correctness, it would be nice to report in a note, say that some thoughts you expressed could not appear if you didn’t read such and such a book that inspired you colleague colleague so and so.